California has approved legal pot, but black market growers thrive
The highly-rated strain of medical marijuana ‘Blue Dream’ is displayed among others in glass jars at Los Angeles’ first-ever cannabis farmer’s market at the West Coast Collective medical marijuana dispensary in Los Angeles, California
SQUAW VALLEY, Calif. — On one October morning in the foothills of the Sierra Mountains below Sequoia National Park, Fresno County Sheriff’s Department Lt. Matt Alexander and the task force he leads prepared for a familiar operation.
Their targets were two illegal marijuana growing operations identified from the air by a helicopter the day before. It was not unusual in Fresno County, or throughout the Sierras. For years, one way to tell that it was fall in this part of California — along with college football — was when law enforcement started raiding giant marijuana grows.
“We find it everywhere. They get pretty creative at trying to hide it — like blending it in with other legitimate crops,” said Alexander. “But we’re pretty good at knowing what to look for. It stands out, and we have a trained eye for it.”
If you hiked in, or flew in by helicopter on some these raids, you’d see hidden grows containing hundreds and often thousands of giant marijuana plants, sometimes with multiple pounds of bud per plant.
In some cases there are irrigation systems siphoning stream water, and campsites for the workers who have to spend months tending the plants, and sometimes long guns are seized. Sometimes you’d see a shrine to Jesus Malverde — often called “the patron saint of narco-trafficking.”
When the state’s voters passed Proposition 64, legalizing recreational marijuana in November of 2016, there was a general assumption that these raids would no longer be necessary: What had been an illegal enterprise was supposed to become a regulated, tax-paying industry.
But there is one problem. According to a study released by the California Department of Food and Agriculture at the beginning of this year, California produces 13.5 million pounds of marijuana annually — but Californians only consume 2.5 million pounds of it.
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The meth business was driven out of California and went to Mexico. But in the way that laws can have unintended consequences, the supply of meth seems to have increased subsequently. The wholesale price of a pound of meth in California has dropped from around $8,000 a few years back to $2,300 or less recently, a Los Angeles Interagency Metropolitan Police Apprehension Crime Task Force official said in May of 2016.
In one of the October raids in Fresno County, law enforcement officers found a small number of marijuana plants in brush in a fenced property. They hacked the plants from the ground and hauled them away for disposal.
At a second location, marijuana plants around 8 feet tall were found, with a drip line was set up for irrigation. “These are pretty good-sized plants — this is what you would expect to find this late in the season,” Alexander said.
Alexander said the department conducts raids of illegal pot grows about once or twice a week. Sometimes property owners find grows on their land and notify law enforcement, he said.